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Cultural sites on World Heritage List 2010 (2)

UNESCO, Brasilia (Brazil), 11 August 2010

Jantar Mantar (India)

The Jantar Mantar, in Jaipur, is an astronomical observation site built in the early 18thcentury. It includes a set of some 20 main fixed instruments. They are monumental examples in masonry of known instruments but which in many cases have specific characteristics of their own. Designed for the observation of astronomical positions with the naked eye, they embody several architectural and instrumental innovations. This is the most significant, most comprehensive, and the best preserved of India’s historic observatories. It is an expression of the astronomical skills and cosmological concepts of the court of a scholarly prince at the end of the Mughal period.

Jantar Mantar, photo: UNESCO
Jantar Mantar, photo: UNESCO
Jantar Mantar, photo: UNESCO
Jantar Mantar, photo: UNESCO
Jantar Mantar, photo: UNESCO
Jantar Mantar, photo: UNESCO

 

Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong (Republic of Korea)

Founded in the 14th-15thcenturies, Hahoe and Yangdong are seen as the two most representative historic clan villages in the Republic of Korea. Their layout and location - sheltered by forested mountains and facing out onto a river and open agricultural fields – reflect the distinctive aristocratic Confucian culture of the early part of the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910). The villages were located to provide both physical and spiritual nourishment from their surrounding landscapes. They include residences of the head families, together with substantial timber framed houses of other clan members, also pavilions, study halls, Confucian academies for learning, and clusters of one story mud-walled, thatched-roofed houses, formerly for commoners. The landscapes of mountains, trees and water around the village, framed in views from pavilions and retreats, were celebrated for their beauty by 17thand 18thcentury poets.

Historic villages of Korea : Yangdong and Hahoe - Here, a view of Yandong Village
photo: UNESCO/Seong Jan Cho
Historic villages of Korea : Yangdong and Hahoe - Here, a view of Hahoe Village
photo: UNESCO/Seong Jan Cho
Historic villages of Korea : Yangdong and Hahoe - Here, a view of Yandong Village
photo: UNESCO/Seong Jan Cho
Historic villages of Korea : Yangdong and Hahoe - Here, a view of Hahoe Village
photo: UNESCO/Seong Jan Cho
Historic villages of Korea : Yangdong and Hahoe - Here, a view of Yandong Village
photo: UNESCO/Seong Jan Cho
Historic villages of Korea : Yangdong and Hahoe - Here, a view of Hahoe Village
photo: UNESCO/Seong Jan Cho

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